In April 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant suffered a catastrophic accident. Subsequent radioactive sedimentation caused Chernobyl to become a restricted area. Today's Chernobyl restricted area covers an area of 2600 square kilometers, because the nuclear pollution is serious, the restricted area is still not suitable for human habitation or for agriculture. Earlier this year, Ukraine's Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources Ostap Semerak announced plans to build a large-scale solar farm in the restricted area of Chernobyl.
The idea of building a solar power plant in the restricted area is based on a reasonable basis. "There is almost no load of power in the restricted area, so it is possible to connect the power grid to the grid at the minimum cost, which is the basis for building a solar power plant," said the Ukrainian Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. In addition to the existing high-voltage power infrastructure, there are a number of technical workers who have received power plant operation training. In addition, agricultural activities can not be carried out in the region due to the settlement of nuclear leaks. However, a solar power plant with a capacity of one kilowatt in the restricted area will face a series of engineering challenges. The first key point is to determine where to build a solar power plant. There are a variety of problems to consider, the main problem is the need to avoid high-intensity radiation points. Another problem is keeping the solar panels clean so that they work as efficiently as possible. The Ukrainian government is currently in the "pre-stage of the project's research and preparation" and is negotiating with development companies and energy developers for development funding.